In 1951 some 12.500 people from the Moluccas – a group of islands in the Indian Ocean – arrived in The Netherlands. They were the families of servicemen who fought in the KNIL (Royal Army of the Dutch Indies). Their stay was considered a temporary solution to the problems that emerged when Indonesia became independent. Because the Moluccans were not supposed to stay long, they were first housed in camps. But soon it became apparent that a swift return to Asia was out of the question and the government changed its course in 1956, wanting to integrate the group in Dutch society. A self-regulated form of welfare was organised and new housing provided.